Nacho Perro is a very hairy hairless Chinese crested dog.
As with many breeds there is some dispute over the origins of the Chinese Crested Dog. However, it is almost certain that despite its name, the Chinese Crested Dog did not originate in China. Until very recently the two most popular theories had the Chinese Crested originating in either Africa or South America. On both continents there are similar primitive type dogs. In South and Central America in particular there are a couple of hairless breeds that share very similar morphology to the Chinese Crested, and it is not inconceivable that the Crested and these other hairless breeds share a similar ancestry.
Recent genetic research has isolated the mutation responsible for the hairless characteristics in all three identified hairless breeds (the Crested, the Peruvian Inca Dog, and the Xoloitzcuintli from Mexico) and the mutation is identical in all three. This leads researchers to conclude that these breeds must share a common origin. As there are artifacts in Mexico that date back 4,000 years that depict hairless dogs looking remarkably like modern Xolos it would be hard to argue that Mexico is not the wellspring for the hairless family of dogs including the Crested.
It is still unclear as to how the Crested variety of these hairless breeds managed to leave its Central American ancestral lands. It is believed they were used aboard merchant ships as ratters, and it is conceivable that once acquired by traders along the Mexican coast, they would have been traded at any and all subsequent sea ports, obscuring their true Mexican origins. Apparently, and here is where the Chinese connection comes in, they were not uncommon on board Chinese merchant trading vessels, but were first identified in their modern form in Europe and attributed to Chinese origin in the late 18th Century - although by then specimens of the breed could be found world-wide.
This ship's ratter theory of their original purpose certainly seems plausible. As hairless dogs they would offer no place to hide for hungry rat borne fleas. The fleas would have trouble taking hold and be easy to see and remove - and, as a vermin free hairless dog offers warm comfort under the blankets on cold nights - they would have been a much sought after living "hot water bottle" that never needs to be refilled on cold cross ocean voyages. In a pinch they could also be eaten - and there are contemporary stories that indicate that indeed they were. It is believed that these ship dogs were larger than our current toy version of the breed..
Original size: 1830x2744 |
Current: 400x600 |